Quite recently drug addicts were treated with other drugs that were not yet considered as such. A little later, the treatment of drug addiction was carried out exclusively with medication. The pain was relieved during the drug “withdrawal”, substitution drugs were given, and detoxification was carried out. As a result, the patient became better, his body more or less returned to normal, after which the person returned to his usual way of life, only the “craving” for drugs did not disappear anywhere. After a short period, the addict again needed medical help.
Modern drug addiction treatment methods consist of carrying out complex treatment, which helps to minimize the negative consequences of drug use and identify the reasons for their use. Once the cause is known, it is much easier to help the patient recognize their drug addiction, which is part of the fight against addiction.
What is the approach to addiction treatment
While the patient is intoxicated, he needs help to get rid of toxic substances, which is done with medications. When the blood, internal organs of a person are cleared of drugs, psychocorrection and psychotherapy should be used. Also, the most important stage of drug addiction treatment is social adaptation.
Even if a drug addict wants to give up addictions, then after rehabilitation, he can start retaking drugs. This happens due to the lack of work, understanding in the family, “friends” – drug addicts, who are in a hurry to re-attract a person to drug use.
All together or one by one, these problems can knock off the right path only a cured patient, which is why special attention should be paid to social adaptation.
What are the methods of treatment
According to world statistics, 20-30% of drug addicts are fully cured, and this is not such a low figure, taking into account all the risks. Drug addicts have a fragile psyche, weak will, and the slightest stress can lead to a breakdown. Therefore, they need to completely change their lifestyle to get rid of their cravings for drugs and begin to control their desires.
There are signs of drug use. When injecting drugs are used, these are traces of intravenous injections along the superficial veins. In cocaine addiction syndrome, manifestations of chronic rhinitis are present. When using inhalants – a chemical odor, traces of thermal or chemical burns on the face and hands. The involuntary trembling of the limbs complements all this (or the whole body), impaired coordination, frequent involuntary oscillatory movements of the eyeballs (nystagmus), the inadequate reaction of the pupils to light (too enlarged or too small).
Removal of acute intoxication
Drug overdose can be fatal. This risk exists with every use of drugs, especially intravenous drugs. In this case, a person cannot ask for help: he loses consciousness, turns blue, and cannot move independently. To save him, you need to call an ambulance.
Medical procedures aimed at relieving drug intoxication are cleansing the airways, relieving pulmonary edema, gastric lavage, and cleansing enemas. The patient is shown oxygen masks.
To remove the drug “withdrawal” and prevent residual effects, drug therapy is used: pills, injections, droppers. As a rule, the course takes several days and includes analgesics, sleeping pills, antihistamines, hepatotropic agents, and vitamins. Specific therapy regimens are provided for each group of psychoactive substances, taking into account the development of possible complications.
The goal of therapy is to normalize internal organs’ work (primarily the liver), improve mental state, and reduce cravings for drugs. In parallel with medicinal methods, psychotherapeutic methods are used. However, it is impossible to recover from drug addiction a few days completely, more global measures are required.
Elimination of pathological drug addiction
At this stage, a set of measures is required to normalize the brain’s functions and the patient’s state of mind. The following methods are used:
- Psychopharmacotherapy. Medications are prescribed to relieve and prevent depression and other emotional disorders.
- Hardware therapy. Eliminates pathological asymmetry in the work of the right and left hemispheres of the brain. As a result, obsessive-compulsive craving for drugs is eliminated, the patient’s mental state improves, and drugs’ dosage can be reduced.
- Psychotherapy in the form of scientifically proven methods, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, is an important part of drug addiction treatment and allows the patient to reorient towards a healthy lifestyle, change their behavior, thoughts, and emotions, and rebuild relationships with the family.
- Opiate receptor blockers which are containing naltrexone or naltrexone + triamcinolone as active ingredients. A method that is necessary for almost every patient with opiate and some other types of addiction. It consists of inserting an implant under the patient’s skin or intramuscularly injecting microgranules with a drug that blocks the action of drugs entering the body.
Rehabilitation and prevention
This stage aims to return the patient to a normal lifestyle with restored health and social, labor, adaptive skills. Individual and group fitness and yoga classes are helpful. Rehabilitation can take several months,luxury rehab take less
Preventive measures to prevent relapse include redefining the patient’s social circle, restoring professional skills, and developing and maintaining healthy interests.